Posted in Hiking, Park review, Southwestern Ohio

Indian Mound Reserve

Indian Mound Reserve is a 169-acre park that's managed by the Greene County park district. We were very favorably impressed by the park's historic and natural features. Among the historic features are: Williamson Mound: a Native American, earthen mound constructed by the Adena culture between 500 B.C. and 100 A.D. Pollock Works: a Native American, earthen wall constructed by the Hopewell culture between 100 B.C. and 500 A.D. A historic log cabin that's currently being renovated A dam created Read more ➜
Posted in Native American, Park review, Southwestern Ohio

Fort Hill

Two thousand years ago, the Hopewell people built a massive earthwork enclosing a 40-acre hilltop in southwest Ohio. This earthwork which resembles a fort was later dubbed Fort Hill. Today Fort Hill is a 1,200 acre preserve owned by the Ohio Historical Society and operated by the Arc of Appalachia Preserve System. The preserve features 11 miles of hiking trails, a small museum, a parking area, picnic shelters, and rest rooms. Fort Trail We visited the preserve last September Read more ➜
Posted in Native American

How do anthropologists know anything about the Hopewell Indians’ beliefs?

When looking at the prehistoric artefacts and earthen structures in Ohio, I'm always wondering what meanings these things held for the people who created them. I end up reading whatever explanatory sign is posted nearby, but while I'm doing so I'm also wondering how anthropologists know any of this stuff. Since prehistoric societies don't leave any texts explaining themselves or their culture, anthropologists have to be making a lot of inferences. However when I was at Serpent Mound Read more ➜
Posted in History, Native American, Nature, Park review, Southeastern Ohio

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park: Seip Mound

Seip Mound State Memorial Park is one of the five noncontiguous sites that make up the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. The other four sites are Hopeton Earthworks, Hopewell Mound Group, High Banks Works, and the Mound City Group (reviewed by us here). Native Americans belonging to the Hopewell tradition constructed this mound sometime between 100 B.C. – A.D. 400. The mound pictured above was part of a larger earthworks complex.  At a number of sites in Ohio, Native Americans Read more ➜
Posted in Native American, Park review, Southeastern Ohio

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park: Mound City

What's known as the "Mound City Group" is part of the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park in Ross County, Ohio. This land was used for funeral rituals by a Native American civilization that flourished between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. Mound City is approximately 13 acres in size. A low earthen wall about 3 to 4 feet high (1 to 1.3 meters) lies around the perimeter; it's shape is that of a square with rounded corners. Perhaps the builders of the Mound City thought of the wall as a "sacred enclosure" Read more ➜
Posted in Native American, Park visit

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park: Native American Artifacts housed in the Museum

The "Hopewell Culture" refers to a Native American civilization that was centered in Ohio. It flourished here between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. They are renowned for having built elaborate, huge, earthen structures. However when these mounds were excavated, many artifacts of great artistry were discovered. I would like to share photos of a few of these artifacts, or in some case, replicas of these artifacts. All of them were uncovered at "Mound City" which is where the Hopewell Culture National Historical Read more ➜
Posted in Central Ohio, Native American, Park review

Newark Earthworks: The Great Circle and the Octagon Earthworks

Overview The Newark Earthworks were constructed about 2000 years ago by the prehistoric, Hopewell people. These are the largest, geometric earthworks in the world. To give you a better sense of the size and shape of these structures, it's best to look at an aerial view. Since I can't take aerial photos myself, I photographed some of the interpretive signs near the earthworks. The plaque below shows the layout of the Newark Earthworks which occupy four square miles (10.6 square kilometers). I Read more ➜