Common Spring Wildflowers in Ohio

This post illustrates a couple of dozen, common species of spring wildflowers in Ohio. The scientific name in each caption links to an article where you can learn more about that species (a Wikipedia article, if possible). It also lists the months in which you can expect to see each species bloom in central Ohio. In southern Ohio they will bloom a little earlier and in northern Ohio a little later.

The original inspiration for this post was a handout on what spring wildflowers can be seen at different locations along the boardwalk in the Inniswood Metro Garden in Franklin County, Ohio. The locations are identified relative to numbered posts along the trail. Since most of these flowers are perennials, the same flowers can be seen year after year near the same place. I have preserved the information on post location that is specific to this Metro Park; if you are trying to identify wildflowers elsewhere, you can disregard the numbered posts.

A few placeholders remain for species that I hope to photograph later this year.

Between Posts 3 and 4

Cutleaf Toothwort

Cut-leaved toothwort (Cardamine concatenata) Cutleaf Toothwort (Cardamine concatenata / Dentaria laciniata); blooms April through June

Mayapple

Mayapple blossom ((Podophyllum peltatum)) Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum); blooms April through June

Purple Cress

Purple Cress (Cardamine douglasii) Purple Cress, or Purple Bittercress (Cardamine douglasii); blooms March through May

Wild Geranium

Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum); blooms April through June

Between Posts 4 and 5

Spring Beauty

Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica) Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica); blooms March through May

Marsh Marigold

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris); blooms April through June.

Dutchman’s Breeches

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria); blooms April through May.

Hispid Buttercup

Hispid Buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus) Hispid Buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus); blooms March through May.

Spotted Jewelweed

Spotted Jewelweed / Touch-Me-Not (Impatiens capensis) Spotted Jewelweed / Touch-Me-Not (Impatiens capensis); blooms July through September

Between Posts 5 and 6

Trout Lily

Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum) Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum); blooms March through May

White Baneberry

Blooms May through June.

Between Posts 6 and 7

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum); blooms April through June
Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum); blooms April through June; there are 3 plants and 2 visible flowers above.

Bloodroot

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis); blooms March through May

Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Sharp-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica acutiloba)Sharp-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica acutiloba); blooms March through April
Leaves of Sharp-lobed Hepatica Fresh leaves of Sharp-lobed Hepatica; the pointed ends of these leaves differentiate this plant from Round-lobed Hepatica.
Leaves of Sharp-lobed HepaticaOld leaf of Sharp-loped Hepatica

Between Posts 7 and 8

Skunk Cabbage

Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus) Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus); blooms February through April

Between Posts 8 and 9

Virginia Bluebells

Virginia BluebellsVirginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica); blooms April through May

Between Posts 9 and 10

Rue Anemone

Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides) Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides); blooms March through May

Toadshade Trillium

Toadshade Trillium (Trillium sessile) Toadshade Trillium (Trillium sessile); blooms April though June

Large-flowered Trillium

Large-flowered trillium (Trillium grandiflorum) Large-flowered trillium (Trillium grandiflorum); blooms April through June

Largeleaf Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum macrophyllum)

Blooms May through June.

Eastern Waterleaf

Eastern Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum) Eastern Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum); blooms May though August.

Between Posts 10 and 16

Blue Phlox

Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata) Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata); blooms April through June

Common Blue Violet

Common Blue Violet (Viola papilionacea) Common Blue Violet (Viola papilionacea); blooms March through June

Smooth Yellow Violet

Smooth Yellow Violet Smooth Yellow Violet (Viola pensylvanica); blooms April through June

Wild Ginger

Flower of Wild Ginger Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)
Wild Ginger Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense); the flower is almost at the bottom of this photo, near the middle.

Blooms April through May.

Between Posts 17 and 19

False Solomon’s Seal

False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina racemosa) False Solomon’s Seal (Smilacina racemosa); blooms May through July.
False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina racemosa) False Solomon’s Seal (Smilacina racemosa); blooms May through July.

Solomon’s Seal

Blossoms of Solomon’s Seal Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum biflorum); blooms April through June.

Post 29

Jacob’s Ladder

Greek Valerian (Polemonium reptans) Jacob’s Ladder | Greek Valerian (Polemonium reptans); blooms April through June.

Flower-related posts at TrekOhio


© Deborah Platt, Robert Platt and TrekOhio.com 2013
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18 Responses to Common Spring Wildflowers in Ohio

  1. roberta4949 says:

    very pretty flowers, I have a ohio wildflower book it tells you where in ohio you can see them, been a great help in iding plants, when I was walking quail hollow, I seen a red flower there next to a stream I looked it up and it was a cardinal flower. I recognize alot of those flowers tho I never seen dutchmans breeches in bloom yet or a few others. will be looking at flowers pretty soon here.

  2. Patricia says:

    Most excellent posting. The photographs are far superior to any I would find in a book.

  3. tedmanzer says:

    Great pictures! I wish I had more time to do that, not that my photographs would be that good, but I became lost in the hike for a few minutes.
    Ted

  4. FeyGirl says:

    Wow, just lovely…. Amazing little creations. I love some of their names, too. :) All the colors of the rainbow!

  5. Wonderful images, thanks for the info! I am wondering what camera and lens you use for the macro images.

    • Deb Platt says:

      Thank you, Suzanne. Earlier on I was using a Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS6, and more recently a Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS20. Both are point-and-shoot cameras with larger-than-usual sensors. Almost all the photos appearing on this site have also gone through some degree of post-processing using a photo editor (GIMP).

      • Thanks Deb. I’ve heard those are a nice group of cameras! Check out my website if you are interested. I have taken shots of interesting plants and flowers and used photoshop to amplify what I think are unique patterns and characteristics.

  6. beckarooney says:

    Simply beautiful photos, the spotted jewel weed pic really is eye catching. Thanks for sharing, makes me feel like spring is here! :)

  7. Pingback: O’Meara O’Vencha Hike: Spring | Ahcuah

  8. James E. Wint says:

    The pics on this site are awesome! Iwould like to know what kind of camera you used. Please.

    • Deb Platt says:

      Thank you, James. All the photos at our site were taken with point-and-shoot cameras. The ones on this page were taken with two different models of Panasonic Lumix: the DMC-ZS6 and the DMC-ZS20. The Lumix does fantastic macros. It will autofocus on flowers that have very little contrast, and it will let me take macros of subjects that are at a shorter distance from my camera than other brands of camera that I have tried. Before publishing the photos at my site, I have also touched them up with photo editing software.

  9. Betty says:

    I love your photos,would you mind if I drew a few of them,my grandchildren love my drawings of flowers and animals.It`s something they can always look at and remember me by.You have a very good eye for photography,thank you for the view.It is very pleasant to look at and know this about how our state can produce beauty on it`s own without the hand of man doing it,don`t you think so?Got to go thank you again and please keep taking more photos,your very good at it,like I said before.

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